Out-of-school suspensions are used as a punitive, deterrent, or corrective response to a wide range of student behavior, even with children as young as 3 years old. However, research indicates that suspensions are ineffective and harmful and that they deepen academic inequities, especially for students of color and students with disabilities. This analysis summarizes the research and supplements with data from New York school districts and a sample of parents and early childhood educators to support enacting the Solutions Not Suspensions bill.
The Children’s Agenda advocates for effective policies and drives evidenced-based solutions for the health, education and success of children. We are especially committed to children who are vulnerable because of poverty, racism, health inequities and trauma.